Religious holidays, represent a large flywheel for Caltanissetta cultural tourism. The whole city turns into these occasions, a huge theater, which come to life majestic and ancient traditions, processions, acts of intense spirituality and rituals that have the flavor of the times long past. Strong cultural roots and hundreds of rituals that have been handed down for centuries, are still very current and simple gestures and traditions evoke a piece of the world Caltanissetta than late.
The Patron Saint: St. Michael
On September 29, the city of Caltanissetta pays tribute to its glorious Patron Saint Michael the Archangel. The people by appointment at the Mass the evening before the procession through the streets of the historic center with the participation of all the representatives of the Church and civil city.
Holy Week (Easter)
The Easter rites dating back to 1780. Every year during Holy Week , the entire city of Caltanissetta is invested with an unusual beauty transformed into an immense theater, where day by day, ancient traditions come to life, processions, acts of intense spirituality and rituals taste of times long past.
On Thursday Holy parading the “vare”, sixteen groups of statues of papier mache painted with scenes of the Passion, made in the late nineteenth century. Each is preceded by a band that sings songs adhering to the scene represented by the “vara” (holy group) and followed by “laudanti.”
On Wednesday Holy, at about 18.00 , defile the ” Varicedde ” small religious groups representing scenes from the Passion of Christ. Each of it is preceded by a band that sings songs adhering to the scene represented by the ” Varicedda.”
The Real Mastranza (Easter)
On Wednesday ‘ Holy , approximately at 10.00, takes place the procession of the ” Real Maestranza,” with representatives of ten corporations of arts and crafts, in elegant clothes blacks. It was King Ferdinand IV, who in 1806 gave the name of the Real Maestranza impressive procession of the guilds.
The Black Christ (Easter)
The Black Christ, found in 1625 in a cave lit by two candles, parade on Friday Holy, surmounted by a crown of pure gold , is lifted and carried on the shoulders in a sad and solemn procession through the streets of the city, by fogliamari ( gatherers of wild grasses).